Manufacturing manufacture products of rabbit breeding, fur farming, hunting
Jump to navigation. This discussion focuses on fur production from both farmed and wild sources. It details US laws that impact fur, both federal and state, including a discussion on state trapping laws. Laws from countries that are major producers of fur products are analyzed as well as those countries that have imposed bans on fur farming or trapping methods. Throughout the ages, fur pelts from animals have been traded and worn for their warmth and as a fashion statement. Wild fur-bearing animals have been both trapped and hunted in many countries for ages.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Caged, Tortured and Gassed – The Life of Minks and Foxes on a US Fur Farm
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Can angora production ever be ethical?
This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Leveled by. Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.
Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.
Start of Agriculture Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. About 11, years ago, people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming. Scholars are not sure why this shift to farming took place, but it may have occurred because of climate change. When people began growing crops, they also began herding and breeding wild animals.
Adapting wild plants and animals for people to use is called domestication. The first domesticated plant was probably rice or corn. Chinese farmers were cultivating rice as early as BCE. The first domesticated animals were dogs, which were used for hunting. Sheep and goats were probably domesticated next. People also domesticated cattle and pigs. Most of these animals had once been hunted for hides and meat. Now many of them are also sources of milk, cheese, and butter.
Eventually, people used domesticated animals such as oxen for plowing, pulling, and transportation. Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages. These became linked through trade. New economies were so successful in some areas that cities grew and civilizations developed.
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia now Iraq and Iran and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire. Native Americans used fire to control the growth of berry-producing plants, which they knew grew quickly after a wildfire.
Farmers cultivated small plots of land by hand, using axes to clear away trees and digging sticks to break up and till the soil. Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity.
They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food. Around BCE, farmers in Mesopotamia developed simple irrigation systems. By channeling water from streams onto their fields, farmers were able to settle in areas once thought to be unsuited to agriculture. In Mesopotamia, and later in Egypt and China, people organized themselves and worked together to build and maintain better irrigation systems. Early farmers also developed improved varieties of plants.
It was stronger than previous cereal grains; its hulls were easier to remove and it could be made into bread. As the Romans expanded their empire, they adapted the best agricultural methods of the people they conquered. They wrote manuals about the farming techniques they observed in Africa and Asia, and adapted them to land in Europe. The Chinese also adapted farming tools and methods from nearby empires.
A variety of rice from Vietnam ripened quickly and allowed farmers to harvest several crops during a single growing season. This rice quickly became popular throughout China. Many medieval European farmers used an open-field system of planting. One field would be planted in spring, another in autumn, and one would be left unplanted, or fallow. This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production.
The leaders of the Islamic Golden Age which reached its height around in North Africa and the Middle East made agriculture into a science. Islamic Golden Age farmers learned crop rotation.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, explorers introduced new varieties of plants and agricultural products into Europe. From Asia, they carried home coffee, tea, and indigo, a plant used to make blue dye.
From the Americas, they took plants such as potatoes, tomatoes, corn maize , beans, peanuts, and tobacco. Machinery A period of important agricultural development began in the early s for Great Britain and the Low Countries Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, which lie below sea level.
New agricultural inventions dramatically increased food production in Europe and European colonies, particularly the United States and Canada. One of the most important of these developments was an improved horse-drawn seed drill invented by Jethro Tull in England.
Until that time, farmers sowed seeds by hand. By the end of the 18th century, seed drilling was widely practiced in Europe.
Many machines were developed in the United States. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney in , reduced the time needed to separate cotton fiber from seed. At about the same time, John and Hiram Pitts introduced a horse-powered thresher that shortened the process of separating grain and seed from chaff and straw.
Along with new machines, there were several important advances in farming methods. By selectively breeding animals breeding those with desirable traits , farmers increased the size and productivity of their livestock. Cultures have been breeding animals for centuries—evidence suggests Mongolian nomads were selectively breeding horses in the Bronze Age.
Europeans began to practice selective breeding on a large scale beginning in the 18th century. An early example of this is the Leicester sheep, an animal selectively bred in England for its quality meat and long, coarse wool.
Plants could also be selectively bred for certain qualities. In experiments with pea plants, Mendel learned how traits were passed from one generation to the next. His work paved the way for improving crops through genetics. New crop rotation methods also evolved during this time.
Many of these were adopted over the next century or so throughout Europe. For example, the Norfolk four-field system, developed in England, proved quite successful. It involved the yearly rotation of several crops, including wheat, turnips, barley, clover, and ryegrass. This added nutrients to the soil, enabling farmers to grow enough to sell some of their harvest without having to leave any land unplanted. Most of the world was not affected by these developments, however.
Agricultural Science In the early s, an average farmer in the U. How did this great leap in productivity come about? It happened largely because of scientific advances and the development of new sources of power.
By the late s, most farmers in developed countries were using both gasoline and electricity to power machinery. Tractors had replaced draft animals and steam-powered machinery.
Farmers were using machines in almost every stage of cultivation and livestock management. Electricity first became a power source on farms in Japan and Germany in the early s. By , most farms in the U. Electricity lit farm buildings and powered such machinery as water pumps, milking machines, and feeding equipment. Today, electricity controls entire environments in livestock barns and poultry houses.
Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests.
With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically. For thousands of years, farmers relied on natural fertilizer —materials such as manure, wood ash, ground bones, fish or fish parts, and bird and bat waste called guano—to replenish or increase nutrients in the soil. In the early s, scientists discovered which elements were most essential to plant growth: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Later, fertilizer containing these elements was manufactured in the U.
Now, many farmers use chemical fertilizers with nitrates and phosphates because they greatly increase crop yields. However, pesticides and fertilizers have come with another set of problems. The heavy reliance on chemicals has disturbed the environment, often destroying helpful species of animals along with harmful ones. Chemical use may also pose a health hazard to people, especially through contaminated water supplies.
Agricultural scientists are looking for safer chemicals to use as fertilizers and pesticides.
Fur Trade Facts
Back to top. In cases where these groupings correspond with major groups, the major group heading is also in italics. In this division, establishments which are primarily engaged in farming activities are classified, such as the growing of field crops, the raising of livestock and the production of milk, wool and eggs.
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Because much of the fur is imported from China and other countries that have poor regulation, it is often mislabeled as "faux". Depending on the size of the garment, animals or more may be killed for a single coat. Farm Conditions. The vast majority of animals killed for fur are raised on farms and kept in deplorable conditions. Mink and foxes are naturally wild animals and do not adapt to life in captivity. Wild mink instinctively range a territory of approximately acres in size. This type of intensive confinement can result in self-mutilation, cannibalism, and high-level stress that weakens the immune system and makes animals more susceptible to disease. Another risk to life in captivity includes farmers selectively cross-breeding mink with naturally-occurring mutations, which results in fur colors never seen in nature.
The legislature finds that historically, animals were hunted and trapped for food, and their pelts were used to provide protective clothing. Over time, technology has developed making fur less of a necessity and more of a luxury item. Fur garments are now typically designed for fashion rather than for warmth. Further, more animals are now killed to make decorative fur trim than to manufacture full fur garments.
AFC - organization for promoting of animal rights and veganism. Over the fashionable catwalk of New York, Paris, London, Milan, Munich, Sydney; to local shops; and finally in our homes and on our winter chilled bodies. So soft, smooth, beautiful and extremely expensive — FUR! ACCORDING TO the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, fur is: 1 soft thick hair which covers certain species of animals like cats and rabbits and 2 animal leather covered with fur, especially when it is used as piece of clothes, while according to the Encyclopedia of Leksikografski Zavod fur is refined and tanned leather joined with hair of fur-bearing animal.
Rabbits have significant potential to improve the food security of small farmers around the world, according to a new FAO publication, "The rabbit: Husbandry, health and production". A relatively simple enterprise, "backyard" rabbit raising can produce modest income and help upgrade the family diet of rural and urban households with minimal input and labour costs. The book is an encyclopaedic reference work and technical manual, covering world production and trade, nutrition and feeding, reproduction, genetics and selection, pathology, housing and equipment, rabbitry management, and production of rabbit skins and hair for textiles.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: The Basics of Raising Meat Rabbits (Complete Overview)
W e'll always have Paris, Texas. But now we've seen the video of a Chinese angora farm , will we ever look at Nastassja Kinski's backless sweater in the same way again? A rabbit is screaming, as best it can, while chunks of its wonderful soft fur are ripped away to leave just a bald, raw and bleeding body. Rows and rows more rabbits are locked alone in filthy cages, waiting for their turn. Certainly there are no laws there to prevent people plucking rabbits, which yields longer hairs, and thus more valuable yarn, and is quicker to do. And yet there's no denying that, if you own an angora rabbit, it would be inhumane not to remove some its fur.
Rabbit farming: Planning and development control guidelines
Fur , fine, soft, hairy covering or coat of mammals that has been important to humankind throughout history, chiefly for warmth but also for decorative and other purposes. The pelts of fur-bearing animals are called true furs when they consist of two elements: a dense undercoat, called ground hair , and longer hairs, extending beyond that layer, called guard hair. Pelts that lack either element are not true furs, although they are still used commercially as furs. Persian lamb, for example, has no guard hair, while kid and pony possess no ground hair. Furs have been used principally to fashion outer garments; this is also true for the modern fur industry. A variety of animals are bred or trapped for their pelts, including those that bear the luxury furs sable, chinchilla , ermine, and mink and others whose fur is of lesser value such as rabbit and squirrel. Other commercially important furs include the various species of fox and lamb; beaver , marten, raccoon , skunk, otter , and seal; as well as leopard, lynx, ocelot, and wolf.
This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Leveled by. Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock.
Fur Production and Fur Laws
Jump to navigation. Fur-bearing animals have been hunted in the wild throughout history, and in the past few centuries, they have also been raised on farms. Fur was an important trading device in Russian and North American history, and today it is considered to be a fashion statement. The majority of fur is obtained from animals raised on fur farms because it is easier to ensure that these animals, through strict diets and breeding, will have a high-quality pelt.
The most complete line of products and solutions custom tailored for breeding rabbits at industrial level. Cages, feeders and waterers designed to offer the best performance and scalability for industrial buildings of any size. In COPELE we work with large rabbit sector professionals in order to develop successful projects with high profitability with the experience of many industrial facilities with different characteristics in several countries and in different types of weather.
The fashion industry is embracing a new approach to style, with ethical fashion taking over catwalks, designer labels and moving into the mass market as shoppers call for clothing that is cool and kind. At the forefront of this shift is the global move away from fur. Similar moves are also being reflected beyond individual brand policies. In , fur farming in the Czech Republic became illegal, the Ukrainian parliament introduced a law proposal to end fur farming and Los Angeles City Council backed a new law to ban the sale of fur fashion in Further, bills to ban the sale of fur products have also been introduced for New York City and the state of California.
Fur farming is the practice of breeding or raising certain types of animals for their fur. Fur used from animals caught in the wild is not considered farmed fur, and is instead known as "wild fur". Other major producers include China, the Netherlands , Russia , and the U. The United States is a major exporter of fur skins. Fur farming is banned in Austria ,   Croatia ,   the United Kingdom,   , the Czech Republic effective in  and Norway effective from February 1, Demand fell in the late s and s because of a number of factors, including the failure of designers to come up with exciting new lines and the efforts of animal rights campaigners.
These guidelines are intended to improve the quality of rabbit farming development applications to councils, to assist councils in the evaluation of proposals and to encourage greater consistency in the planning and development controls in relation to rabbit farming. The guidelines will assist prospective rabbit producers in preparing their development applications for approval by the relevant consent authority. As the guidelines provide general advice only, producers should check with their local councils as to any specific environmental requirements for their particular rabbit farm proposal.