Production commercial units and their components for emergency rescue operations
This booklet provides a generic overview of a standards-related topic. This publication does not alter or determine compliance responsibilities, which are described in the OSHA standards and the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Because interpretations and enforcement policy may change over time, the best sources for additional guidance on OSHA compliance requirements are current administrative interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts. This publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced fully or partially without permission. Source credit is requested but not required.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Westport 15L Engine and LNG Fuel System Training Video
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This booklet provides a generic overview of a standards-related topic. This publication does not alter or determine compliance responsibilities, which are described in the OSHA standards and the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
Because interpretations and enforcement policy may change over time, the best sources for additional guidance on OSHA compliance requirements are current administrative interpretations and decisions by the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission and the courts.
This publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced fully or partially without permission. Source credit is requested but not required.
OSHA will make this information available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Call Introduction What is a workplace emergency? How do you protect yourself, your employees, and your business? What is an emergency action plan? What should your emergency action plan include?
How do you alert employees to an emergency? How do you develop an evacuation policy and procedures? Under what conditions should you call for an evacuation? What is the role of coordinators and evacuation wardens during an emergency? How do you establish evacuation routes and exits?
How do you account for employees after an evacuation? How should you plan for rescue operations? What medical assistance should you provide during an emergency? What role should employees play in your emergency action plan? What employee information should your plan include? What type of training do your employees need? How often do you need to train your employees? What does your plan need to include about hazardous substances?
What special equipment should you provide for emergencies? How do you choose appropriate respirators and other equipment? Who should you coordinate with when drafting your emergency action plan?
What other OSHA standards address emergency planning requirements? What assistance does OSHA provide? What education and training does OSHA offer? What other publications does OSHA offer? What electronic services does OSHA provide? What free onsite consultation does OSHA provide? What are the Voluntary Protection Programs? What partnership opportunities does OSHA provide? What is the value of a good safety and health program? What is the role of state programs?
What other groups or associations can help me? Appendices: 1. This booklet is designed to help you, the employer, plan for that possibility. The best way to protect yourself, your workers, and your business is to expect the unexpected and develop a well-thoughtout emergency action plan to guide you when immediate action is necessary. A workplace emergency is an unforeseen situation that threatens your employees, customers, or the public; disrupts or shuts down your operations; or causes physical or environmental damage.
Emergencies may be natural or manmade and include the following:. The best way is to prepare to respond to an emergency before it happens. Few people can think clearly and logically in a crisis, so it is important to do so in advance, when you have time to be thorough. Brainstorm the worst-case scenarios. Ask yourself what you would do if the worst happened. What if a fire broke out in your boiler room?
Or a hurricane hit your building head-on? Or a train carrying hazardous waste derailed while passing your loading dock? Once you have identified potential emergencies, consider how they would affect you and your workers and how you would respond.
An emergency action plan covers designated actions employers and employees must take to ensure employee safety from fire and other emergencies. Not all employers are required to establish an emergency action plan. See the flowchart on page 11 to determine if you are. Even if you are not specifically required to do so, compiling an emergency action plan is a good way to protect yourself, your employees, and your business during an emergency. Putting together a comprehensive emergency action plan that deals with all types of issues specific to your worksite is not difficult.
You may find it beneficial to include your management team and employees in the process. Explain your goal of protecting lives and property in the event of an emergency, and ask for their help in establishing and implementing your emergency action plan. It should be tailored to your worksite and include information about all potential sources of emergencies.
Developing an emergency action plan means you should do a hazard assessment to determine what, if any, physical or chemical hazards in your workplaces could cause an emergency. If you have more than one worksite, each site should have an emergency action plan.
You also may want to consider designating an assembly location and procedures to account for all employees after an evacuation. In addition, although they are not specifically required by OSHA, you may find it helpful to include in your plan the following:. Your plan must include a way to alert employees, including disabled workers, to evacuate or take other action, and how to report emergencies, as required.
Among the steps you must take are the following:. A disorganized evacuation can result in confusion, injury, and property damage.
That is why when developing your emergency action plan it is important to determine the following:. In the event of an emergency, local emergency officials may order you to evacuate your premises. In some cases, they may instruct you to shut off the water, gas, and electricity. If you have access to radio or television, listen to newscasts to keep informed and follow whatever official orders you receive. In other cases, a designated person within your business should be responsible for making the decision to evacuate or shut down operations.
Protecting the health and safety of everyone in the facility should be the first priority. In the event of a fire, an immediate evacuation to a predetermined area away from the facility is the best way to protect employees.
On the other hand, evacuating employees may not be the best response to an emergency such as a toxic gas release at a facility across town from your business.
The type of building you work in may be a factor in your decision. Most buildings are vulnerable to the effects of disasters such as tornadoes, earthquakes, floods, or explosions.
Modern factories and office buildings, for example, are framed in steel and are structurally more sound than neighborhood business premises may be. In a disaster such as a major earthquake or explosion, however, nearly every type of structure will be affected. Some buildings will collapse and others will be left with weakened floors and walls. When drafting your emergency action plan, you may wish to select a responsible individual to lead and coordinate your emergency plan and evacuation.
It is critical that employees know who the coordinator is and understand that person has the authority to make decisions during emergencies. You also may find it beneficial to coordinate the action plan with other employers when several employers share the worksite, although OSHA standards do not specifically require this. In addition to a coordinator, you may want to designate evacuation wardens to help move employees from danger to safe areas during an emergency.
Generally, one warden for every 20 employees should be adequate, and the appropriate number of wardens should be available at all times during working hours. Employees designated to assist in emergency evacuation procedures should be trained in the complete workplace layout and various alternative escape routes. All employees and those designated to assist in emergencies should be made aware of employees with special needs who may require extra assistance, how to use the buddy system, and hazardous areas to avoid during an emergency evacuation.
When preparing your emergency action plan, designate primary and secondary evacuation routes and exits. To the extent possible under the conditions, ensure that evacuation routes and emergency exits meet the following conditions:. If you prepare drawings that show evacuation routes and exits, post them prominently for all employees to see. Accounting for all employees following an evacuation is critical. Confusion in the assembly areas can lead to delays in rescuing anyone trapped in the building, or unnecessary and dangerous search-and-rescue operations.
To ensure the fastest, most accurate accountability of your employees, you may want to consider including these steps in your emergency action plan:. It takes more than just willing hands to save lives. Untrained individuals may endanger themselves and those they are trying to rescue. For this reason, it is generally wise to leave rescue work to those who are trained, equipped, and certified to conduct rescues.
If you have operations that take place in permit-required confined spaces, you may want your emergency action plan to include rescue procedures that specifically address entry into each confined space. Working in Confined Spaces. If your company does not have a formal medical program, you maywant to investigate ways to provide medical and first-aid services. If medical facilities are available near your worksite, you can makearrangements for them to handle emergency cases.
Manufacturing and Restoration Emergency Response Plan Partnerships
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Intervention to address disasters has evolved through time into a complex policy subsystem, and disaster policy is implemented through a set of functions known as emergency management and response. Modern approaches to emergency management and response involve multidimensional efforts to reduce our vulnerability to hazards; to diminish the impact of disasters; and to prepare for, respond to, and recover from those that occur.
Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Download the free OSH Answers app. Search all fact sheets:. Besides the major benefit of providing guidance during an emergency, developing the plan has other advantages.
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The manufacturing industry can be very delicate. Manufacturing plants are designed like machines and in many cases, if one thing goes wrong, it impacts several lines of manufacturing. This can lead to loss of sales, reduced capacity or disrupted customer service. Most value chains in manufacturing are designed to manage some level of disruption for issues such as maintenance and repairs, accidents or power outages, but there are several unforeseen incidents that can significantly impact the manufacturing process and business. Manufacturing plants are committed to high levels of safety, which greatly reduces the probability of a property loss. Property losses in manufacturing can be few and far in between, but when they do happen they are larger than ordinary commercial property losses. Machine fires not only destroy the immediate area and contents, but it also contaminates the entire warehouse and production lines with smoke and soot. Broken water lines such as water mains, sprinklers and sewage systems can take portions of the assembly line offline and create safety hazards for employees. These claims are magnified in terms of loss of business and, eventually, unsatisfied customers. Being prepared with a professional restoration partner and an emergency response plan ERP will help reduce losses, lost production time and restoration costs.
The actions taken in the initial minutes of an emergency are critical. A prompt warning to employees to evacuate, shelter or lockdown can save lives. A call for help to public emergency services that provides full and accurate information will help the dispatcher send the right responders and equipment. An employee trained to administer first aid or perform CPR can be lifesaving.
Альфонсо XIII. Он усмехнулся. Просто надо уметь задавать вопросы… Минуту спустя незаметная фигура проследовала за Беккером по калле Делисиас в сгущающейся темноте андалузской ночи.
ГЛАВА 29 Все еще нервничая из-за столкновения с Хейлом, Сьюзан вглядывалась в стеклянную стену Третьего узла.
Он гулял в парке с подружкой. Беккер понял, что с каждой минутой дело все больше запутывается. - С подружкой.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: The World's Most Useful Airport [Documentary]
В некотором отдалении от него возникла фигура человека, приближавшегося медленно и неотвратимо. В руке его поблескивал пистолет. Беккер, отступая к стене, вновь обрел способность мыслить четко и ясно. Он почувствовал жжение в боку, дотронулся до больного места и посмотрел на руку. Между пальцами и на кольце Танкадо была кровь. У него закружилась голова.
Он много лет служил своей стране верой и правдой и не может допустить такого конца. Я просто добивался своей цели, - мысленно повторил.
Ты лжешь, - ответил ему внутренний голос. Да, это. Он - лжец.
Вы сможете его найти? - спросил Стратмор. - Конечно. Почему вы не позвонили мне раньше. - Честно говоря, - нахмурился Стратмор, - я вообще не собирался этого делать. Мне не хотелось никого в это впутывать.
- Я вам так признательна. Я так хочу выбраться отсюда. Беккер легонько обнял .
Да. Есть ли в Севилье такое место, где тусуются панки. - No lo se, senor.
Потому что ТРАНСТЕКСТ никак не мог вскрыть этот файл.
Я не надеялся что-либо найти, но наткнулся на учетную запись абонента. - Он выдержал паузу. - Я, конечно, предположил, что это не та Северная Дакота, которую мы ищем, но на всякий случай проверил эту запись. Представь себе мое изумление, когда я обнаружил множество сообщений Энсея Танкадо.
В задней ее части располагались двенадцать терминалов, образуя совершенную окружность. Такая форма их размещения должна была способствовать интеллектуальному общению криптографов, напоминая им, что они всего лишь члены многочисленной команды - своего рода рыцари Круглого стола взломщиков кодов. По иронии судьбы в Третьем узле секреты не очень-то любили.
Нареченный Детским манежем, Третий узел ничем не напоминал стерильную атмосферу остальной части шифровалки. Его обстановка напоминала домашнюю - мягкий ковер, высокотехнологичная звуковая система, холодильник, полный напитков и всяческой еды, маленькая кухня и даже баскетбольное кольцо. В отношении шифровалки в АНБ сложилась своеобразная философия.
Нет смысла вбухивать миллиарды долларов в дешифровальный компьютер и одновременно экономить на тех, кто работает на этой превосходной технике.
Для Танкадо это детская забава, - бросил Джабба. - Нашим главным стражем была система Сквозь строй, а Стратмор вышвырнул ее в мусорную корзину. - Это объявление войны, - прошептал Фонтейн срывающимся голосом.