Product plant felt and felt products, felt parts, hats and semi-finished felt, felted shoes
The study of the history of clothing and textiles traces the development, use, and availability of clothing and textiles over human history. Clothing and textiles reflect the materials and technologies available in different civilizations at different times. The variety and distribution of clothing and textiles within a society reveal social customs and culture. The wearing of clothing is exclusively a human characteristic and is a feature of most human societies, though it is not known exactly when various peoples began wearing clothes.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Wet Felting a Hat Part 1
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mongolian felt slippers
The seawater resistant fibre was originally used for making twines and ropes. Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose and was invented in It is mainly used as a synthetic fibre in textiles under the names of celanese and acetate.
Applications in lingerie, wedding dresses, party dresses, blouses. At present it is mostly used in blends with cotton, wool, nylon. Also used in curtains, cigarette filters, diapers and felt-tip pens. Acrylic, also called polyacrylic, polyacrylonitrile fibres, are synthetic fibres made from a polymer polyacrylonitrile by means of polymerisation. An adhesive is a substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.
The use of adhesives offers many advantages over binding techniques such as sewing, mechanical fastening, thermal bonding, including the ability to bind different materials together, to distribute stress more efficiently across the joint, the cost effectiveness of an easily mechanized process, an improvement in aesthetic design, and increased design flexibility.
Disadvantages of adhesives include decreased stability at high temperatures and relative weakness in bonding large objects with a small bonding surface area. Adhesives are typically organized by the method of adhesion.
These are then organized into reactive and non-reactive adhesives referring to whether the adhesive chemically reacts in order to harden. Alternatively they can be organized by whether the raw stock is of natural or synthetic origin, or by their starting physical phase liquid, solid, gaseous. The porosity, or the ease with which air passes through material. Air Permeability determines such factors as the wind resistance of sailcloth, the air resistance of parachute cloth, and the efficiency of various types of air filtration media.
It is also a measure of warmness or coolness of a fabric. A pneumatic spinning system in which yarn is made by wrapping fibers around a core stream of fibers with compressed air. Airlaid nonwovens are made by bringing fibres into an air flow and from there to a moving belt or perforated drum, where they shape a randomly leaning web. Do not confuse the following raw materials: mohair is goat hair, while rabbits supply angora. Animal fibres are natural fibres derived from sheep, camels, lamas, rabbits, goats, etc wool of from silkworms or spiders silk.
The anorak is an original garment worn by the Inuit to protect them against rain and cold. CAS: Semimetallic chemical element that has been known since ancient times. It is sometimes found free in nature, but is usually obtained from the ores stibnite Sb2S3 and valentinite Sb2O3. He published his findings in Applications: antimony is used as a catalyst in the production of polyester, as a flame-retardant and in many other applications.
Aramid fibres are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibres. Nomex and Kevlar are trade names. Aramid fibres or "aromatic polyamide" fibres are used in aerospace and military applications, in bullet-proof armor fabrics and ballistic composites, in bicycle tires, marine cordage, marine hull reinforcement, and as an asbestos substitute. CAS: Arsenic is a chemical element with atomic number Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in combination with sulfur and metals, but also as a pure elemental crystal.
Arsenic is a metalloid. It has various allotropes, but only the gray form is important to industry. Applications: Arsenic and its compounds are used in some dyestuffs, pesticides, treated wood products, herbicides, and insecticides. Health risks: Exposure to inorganic arsenic can cause various health effects, such as irritation of the stomach and intestines, decreased production of red and white blood cells, skin changes and lung irritation.
Organic arsenic can cause neither cancer, nor DNA damage. But exposure to high doses may cause certain effects to human health, such as nerve injury and stomachaches. Asbestos is the name given to several natural minerals anthophyllite, amphibole, serpentine which occur in a fibrous crystalline form. The asbestos is initially crushed to open up the fibre mass, followed by carding and spinning to yield fibres of circular cross-section cm in length. Asbestos is very resistant to heat and burning, to acids and alkalies, and to other chemicals.
Although it has low strength, asbestos fibre does not deteriorate in normal usage, and it is not attacked by insects or microorganisms. Asbestos is used in fireproof clothing, conveyor belts, brake linings, gaskets, industrial packings, electrical windings, insulations, and soundproofing materials. Since it has been proven that inhaled asbestos fibres are a serious health hazard, it has been removed from the textile and other markets.
Astrakhan also spelled astrachan is the tightly curled fleece of the fetal or newborn karakul also spelled caracul lamb. It can also refer to the fleece of fetal or newborn lambs from other species, or a knitted or woven fabric that imitates the looped surface. An autoclave is a pressure chamber used to carry out industrial processes requiring elevated temperature and pressure different from ambient air pressure. Autoclaves are used in the textile industry to carry out certain finishing operations.
In medical applications autoclaves are used to perform sterilization and in the chemical industry to cure coatings and vulcanize rubber. Azo dyes are organic compounds and widely used to dye textiles, leather articles, and some foods. Chemically related to azo dyes are azo pigments, which are insoluble in water and other solvents. Many azo pigments are non-toxic, although some, such as dinitroaniline orange, ortho-nitroaniline orange, or pigment orange 1, 2, and 5 are mutagenic and carcinogenic.
Azo dyes derived from benzidine are carcinogens; exposure to them has classically been associated with bladder cancer. Accordingly, the production of benzidine azo dyes was discontinued in the s "in the most important western industrialized countries".
Certain azo dyes degrade under reductive conditions to release any of a group of defined aromatic amines. Consumer goods which contain listed aromatic amines originating from azo dyes were prohibited from manufacture and sale in European Union countries in September As only a small number of dyes contained an equally small number of amines, relatively few products were affected.
Garments for children during the first year of their life. Bast fibre is plant fibre collected from the phloem or bast surrounding the stem of certain plants. Examples are: flax linen , hemp, jute, kenaf, kudzu, okra, ramie. A bathrobe, dressing gown or morning gown is a loose-fitting outer garment and may be worn over nightwear or other clothing, or with nothing underneath.
Dressing gowns are typically worn around the house and bathrobes may sometimes be worn after a body wash or around a pool. Big data is a term used to refer to the study and applications of data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software are inadequate to deal with them. Big science is a term used by scientists and historians of science to describe a series of changes in science which occurred in industrial nations during and after World War II, as scientific progress increasingly came to rely on large-scale projects usually funded by national governments or groups of governments.
This regulation aims to improve the functioning of the biocidal products market in the EU, while ensuring a high level of protection for humans and the environment. A biomaterial is any substance that has been engineered to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose - either a therapeutic treat, augment, repair or replace a tissue function of the body or a diagnostic one.
A blockchain is a digital record of transactions. The name comes from its structure, in which individual records, called blocks, are linked together in single list, called a chain. Blockchains are used for recording transactions made with cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, and have many other applications. A blouse is a garment for the upper body and has a collar and long sleeves. They are fastened at the front with buttons. Blow molding is a process to create a thermoplastic hollow tube. In heated form, the tube is sealed at one end and then blown up like a balloon.
The expansion is carried out in a split mold with a cold surface; as the thermoplastic encounters the surface, it cools and becomes dimensionally stable. Blow molding is employed to produce bottles of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polycarbonate, PVC, and PET for domestic consumer products. It is also used to produce fuel tanks for automobiles. A bra, short for brassiere, is a form-fitting undergarment designed to support and protect a woman's breasts.
Bt cotton is a genetically modified organism GMO or genetically modified pest resistant plant cotton variety, which produces an insecticide to combat bollworm, where "Bt" refers to the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis.
Cas: Cadmium is a lustrous, silver-white, ductile, very malleable metal. Its surface has a bluish tinge and the metal is soft enough to be cut with a knife, but it tarnishes in air. It is soluble in acids but not in alkalis. It is similar in many respects to zinc but it forms more complex compounds. Applications: About three-fourths of cadmium is used in Ni-Cd batteries, most of the remaining one-fourth is used mainly for pigments, coatings and plating, and as stabilizers for plastics.
Heath risks: Human uptake of cadmium takes place mainly through food. Foodstuffs that are rich in cadmium can greatly increase the cadmium concentration in human bodies. Examples are liver, mushrooms, shellfish, mussels, cocoa powder and dried seaweed.
High exposures can occur with people who live near hazardous waste sites or factories that release cadmium into the air and people that work in the metal refinery industry. When people breathe in cadmium it can severely damage the lungs. This may even cause death. Fine, linen-like fabric of unbleached cotton that is commonly used for bookbinding.
Animal fibre obtained from the camel and belonging to the group called specialty hair fibres. The most satisfactory textile fibre is gathered from camels of the Bactrian type. Such camels have protective outer coats of coarse fibre that may grow as long as 40 cm. The fine, shorter fibre of the insulating undercoat, 4—13 cm long, is the product generally called camel hair, or camel hair wool.
The hair is not usually gathered by shearing or plucking; it is most often collected as the animal sheds its coat. Combing, frequently by machine, separates the desirable down from the coarse outer hairs. The resultant fine fibre has a tiny diameter of 5—40 microns and is usually a reddish tan colour. Fabric made of camel hair has excellent insulating properties and is warm and comfortable.
Camel hair is mainly used for high-grade overcoat fabrics and is also made into knitting yarn, knitwear, blankets, and rugs. The coarse outer fibre is strong and is used in industrial fabrics such as machine beltings. Carbon fibres CF have a diameter of about 5 to 10 micrometres and are mostly composed of carbon atoms.
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Manufacturer, supplier, distributer and importer of qualitative range of carbon fiber, fabric, quartz fiber, fabric, bsalt fiber, Manufacturer and Exporters of Computerized Embroidery Machines. Manufacturer of Shoes.
The term textile industry from the Latin texere, to weave was originally applied to the weaving of fabrics from fibres, but now it includes a broad range of other processes such as knitting, tufting, felting and so on. It has also been extended to include the making of yarn from natural or synthetic fibres as well as the finishing and dyeing of fabrics. In prehistoric eras, animal hair, plants and seeds were used to make fibres. Silk was introduced in China around BC, and in the middle of the 18th century AD, the first synthetic fibres were created.
History of clothing and textiles
In the village of Zabaikalsk, customs officers detained a Russian woman with two kilograms of gold bars trying to cross the Chinese border, the Chita Customs press service said. Recall that the Rosselkhoznadzor introduces a temporary. In such a clever way, a resident of Moscow wanted to get a shipment of ecstasy from abroad. During the inspection of parcels received in the Russian Federation, the Bryansk customs officers paid special attention to the party. The innovation will become one of the financial measures to combat money laundering. RU - The government approved a list of goods that cannot be stored for more than a day from the moment of detention at customs. Perishable Ordinance Published. Rosselkhoznadzor from August 10 suspends the import into Russia of pome seeds and stone fruits from China. The ban will apply to plums, nectars. The individual entrepreneur from Buryatia two tons.
Table of Contents
You are here Abattoir products, inedible, NSK. Abattoir products, non-processed, NSK. Abattoirs, NSK.
The subject-matter in this little book is the substance of a series of Lectures delivered before the Hat Manufacturers' Association in the years and About this period, owing to the increasing difficulties of competition with the products of the German Hat Manufacturers, a deputation of Hat Manufacturers in and around Manchester consulted Sir Henry E. Roscoe, F.
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Sausage casings Meat and game, processed and preserved Meat and game, processed and preserved Meat, dried Poultry and birds, processed and preserved Milk and milk products. Yeast Natural and chemically derived additives for food and beverages. Tents and covers Bags and sacks, textile Feathers. Feather products and feather filled products Textile articles for medical and surgical use Sanitary towels, tampons, baby napkins and incontinence wear Household linen and soft furnishings Household linen and soft furnishings Machining services for clothing and textile goods Sawn, planed, peeled, cut and treated wood Sawn, planed, peeled, cut and treated wood Wood preservation services. Printing blocks and plates Rotary printing Flatbed printing: letterpress and offset-photolithography Letterpress and offset specialities Letterpress and offset specialities Printing services, digital Lithography Steel and copperplate printing, die-stamping and embossing.
Prohibition of drawback of, or exemption from, customs duties. Issue of movement certificates EUR. List of working or processing required to be carried out on non-originating materials in order that the product manufactured can obtain originating status. Joint declaration concerning the review of the changes to the origin rules as a result of the amendments to the Harmonized System. For the purpose of implementing this Agreement, the following products shall be considered as originating in an EFTA State:. For the purpose of implementing this Agreement, the following products shall be considered as originating in Latvia:. Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 2 1 , products shall be considered as originating in an EFTA State if such products are obtained there, incorporating materials originating in Latvia, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland including Liechtenstein 2, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Estonia, Lithuania, Turkey or the European Community in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on rules of origin annexed to the Agreements between the EFTA States and either the European Community or each of these countries, provided that the working or processing carried out in the EFTA State concerned goes beyond the operations referred to in Article 7. It shall not be necessary that such materials have undergone sufficient working or processing.
Production and Ginning of Cotton W. Stanley Anthony. Cotton Yarn Manufacturing Phillip J. Wool Industry D. Silk Industry J.
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Strong design team with Europe and America designers closely Design and develop kinds of hats by the market fashion trend. Superior raw material Australian new virgin wool Strong design team with Europe and America designers closely D With semi-finished raw material plant, finished products factory, strong production ability, delivery on time. Strong production capacity With semi-finished raw material plant, finished products factory, strong production ability, delivery on time. Release on Jan.
Правда, это было не то прикосновение, какое он рисовал в воображении, представляя себе их первый физический контакт, но все же… Хейл долго с изумлением смотрел на нее, затем медленно повернулся и направился к своему терминалу. Одно ему было абсолютно ясно: распрекрасная Сьюзан Флетчер бьется над чем-то очень важным, и можно поклясться, что это никакая не диагностика. ГЛАВА 28 Сеньор Ролдан восседал за своим столом в агентстве сопровождения Белена, чрезвычайно довольный тем, как умело обошел глупую полицейскую ловушку.
Немецкий акцент и просьба снять девушку на ночь - это же очевидная подстава.
Он никогда не думал, что четыре слова могут сделать его таким счастливым: IM GLAD WE MET Что означало: Я рада, что мы встретились. Он быстро нацарапал на программке ответ и протянул Сьюзан: LDSNN Сьюзан, прочитав, просияла.
ME TOO, что означало: Я. Беккер расхохотался. Он дожил до тридцати пяти лет, а сердце у него прыгало, как у влюбленного мальчишки. Никогда еще его не влекло ни к одной женщине. Изящные европейские черты лица и карие глаза делали Сьюзан похожей на модель, рекламирующую косметику Эсте Лаудер.
- Что еще мне остается? - Он представил Хейла на скамье подсудимых, вываливающего все, что ему известно о Цифровой крепости. - Весь мой план рухнет. Должен быть какой-то другой выход.